Founding Families

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Founding Families


Summary of the data:

The list below contains the names of Red Sky Métis Independent Nation's™ (RSMIN) founding families who were the ‘half-breeds’ recognized by the crown as beneficiaries and annuitants under the Robinson Superior Treaty of 1850, in concurrence with the First Nation peoples. The descendants of these founding families make up the citizens of RSMIN today. Robinson’s Report regarding treaty negotiations cites eighty-four half-breeds residing in the Lake Superior region. The early pay lists (between 1850 and 1855), as recorded in the Hudson’s Bay Company and Indian Affairs Records, however, cite anywhere between 42 and 43 families or between 147 and 159 people residing in Fort William and Michipicoten respectively. An additional 4 families and 20 people are cited as residing in the Fort Nipigon and Long Lake regions.

Name Pay List(s) Location Family Members Notes
Henry Akibie Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3 This entry was crossed out on the Hudson's Bay Company Records Pay List. The Akibie family name continues to appear on the Pay Lists in 1852, 1855 and 1856.
Joseph Boucher Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 9
Michel Collin Senr. Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 8
Michel Collin Jr Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3
William Corbeau Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3 This entry was crossed out on the Hudson's Bay Company Records Pay List and does not appear on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List. The Corbeau family name continues to appear on the Pay Lists in 1852, 1855 and 1856.
Michel Deschamps Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3
Joseph Deschamps Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 2 This entry was crossed out on the Hudson's Bay Company Records Pay List. The Deschamps family name continues to appear on the Pay Lists in 1852, 1855 and 1856.
Isidore Dumoulon Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 4
J. Bte. Faigneant Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 8
John Finlayson Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 4
Michel Lambert Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3
Charles Louis Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 8
J. Bte. Vizina Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3
Francois Vizina Copy Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Fort William 3
J. Bte Keotassin Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records) Fort William 8
Pierre Planté Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Fort William, Michipicoten 3 The Plante family name is listed on the Pay Lists in Fort William and Michipicoten.
William Crow Copy of Pay List for the Fort William Indians 1852 (Indian Affairs Records) Fort William 5
Charles Begg Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 4 The number of family members was originally written as 3 but was crossed out and replaced with a 4.
Toussaint Boucher Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 3
Narcisse Chastellain Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Joseph Collin Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 6
Pierre Deschamps Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 3 First name also written as 'Perish.'
Joseph Dubois Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 6 The number of family members was originally written as 7 but was crossed out and replaced with a 6.
Edward Heron Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 5 The number of family members was originally written as 4 but was crossed out and replaced with a 5.
J. Bte. Keotasine Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 4 The number of family members was originally written as 3 but was crossed out and replaced with a 4.
Thos Samplier Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Louis V. Denis DelaRonde Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 5 Louis V.
David Perdix Blanche Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Joseph Moriseau Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 3 or 4 The number of family members was originally written as 3 but was crossed out and replaced with a 4. However, it was rewritten as 3 in the Indian Affairs Records Pay Lists.
Frans Mizzobec Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 6
David Nitawapin Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Alexr Robertson Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
> Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1 Marked as deceased and crossed out on the Hudson's Bay Company Records Pay List.
William Robertson Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 7 or 8 The number of family members was originally written as 7 but was crossed out and replaced with a 8. However, it is rewritten as 7 on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List.
James Saunders Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 3
William Schillen Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 6 Also spelt as Scheller on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List.
Antoine Soulier Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 3 or 4 The number of family members was originally written as 3 but was crossed out and replaced with a 4. However, it was rewritten as 3 on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List.
Frances Swanson Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 2
James Taylor Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Joseph Tundess Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 2
Philip Turner Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
John Watakiya Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1 or 2 The number of family members was originally written as 1 but was crossed out and replaced with a 2. However, it was rewritten as 1 on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List.
John Swanston Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 6
Jane McDonalds Daughter Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1
Joe Skandagance Copy of Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1852 (Indian Affairs Records)
Copy of Second Pay List for the Michipicoten Band 1850, 1851 & 1852 (Hudson's Bay Company Records)
Michipicoten 1 or 2 The number of family members was originally written as 1 but was crossed out and replaced with a 2. However it was rewritten as 1 on the Indian Affairs Records Pay List.
Jacques Lugardo Copy of Pay List for the Fort Nipigon First Nations 1855 (Hudson's Bay Company Records) Fort Nipigon 4
Bouchard Family Copy of Pay List for the Fort Nipigon First Nations 1855 (Hudson's Bay Company Records) Fort Nipigon 7
Michel Copy of Pay List for the Long Lake First Nations 1853 (Hudson's Bay Company Records) Long Lake 6
Joseph Legarde Senr. Copy of Pay List for the Long Lake First Nations 1853 (Hudson's Bay Company Records) Long Lake 3


Relevant citations:

Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba, Michipicoten Account Book 1851-57, Fort William Pay List, F. Ermatinger, ca. 1852, HBCA B129/d/7, fos. 5-6d.

Library and Archives of Canada, F. Ermatinger, Hudson's Bay Company, Fort William, RG. 10, "Fort William Pay List," volume 9497, 1852, page 26, microfilm, reel C-7167.

Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba, Michipicoten Account Book 1851-57, Michipicoten Pay List, J. Mackenzie, ca. 1852, HBCA B129/d/7, fos. 2-2d.

Library and Archives of Canada, J. Mackenzie, RG. 10, "Michipicoten Pay List," volume 9497, 1852, page 38, microfilm, reel C-7167.

Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba, Michipicoten Account Book 1851-57, Fort Nipigon Pay List, De La Ronde, Hudson's Bay Company, Fort Nipigon, ca. 1855, HBCA B129/d/7, fos. 27d-28d.

Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba, Michipicoten Account Book 1851-57, Long Lake Pay List, Hudson's Bay Company Postmaster, Long Lake, ca. 1853, HBCA B129/d/7, fos. 12-12d.

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