Library

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Library

Please note that this is a living page, new research and information is continuously being added.

Document Title Type of Resource Date Published Author Notes
Ernest Epp's Report PDF 1998 A. Ernest Epp Report based on Alison Gale's research.
Alison Gale's Report PDF 2005 Alison Gale This report examines the history of the Red Sky Métis Independent Nation in the Lake Superior Region.
Many Roads to Red River: Métis Genesis in the Great Lakes Region: 1680-1815 Excerpt from a Book: The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Métis in the North America 1985 Jacqueline Peterson This excerpt provides an analysis of the formation of Métis communities in the Great Lakes Region prior to 1815.
Robinson-Superior Treaty, 1850 Copy of Treaty 1850 W.B. Robinson This treaty was entered into agreement on September 7th 1850 by W.B. Robinson, on behalf of The Crown, and the Ojibwa Chiefs, it is registered as Crown Treaty N. 60.
Letter from R. Bruce to W.B. Robinson Primary Documentation 1850 R. Bruce Letter from R. Bruce, Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, to W.B. Robinson regarding instructions for the meeting with the First-Nations residing in the Lake Superior and Huron region. Dated January 11th 1850.
Robinson's Report Regarding Treaty Negotiations Primary Documentation 1850 W. B. Robinson W.B. Robinson's Report to R. Bruce regarding the negotiations of the Superior Treaties and the results thereof. The report mentions 'Half-Breeds'. Dated September 24th 1850.
E.B. Borron's Report to Oliver Mowat Primary Documentation 1891 E.B. Borron E.B. Borron's report, which was submitted to Oliver Mowat, on the review of the claims of Native peoples under the Robinson Treaties. Dated December 31, 1891.
Harry Daniels Court File PDF 2016 Court File Decision
Historical Profile of the Lake Superior Study Area's Mixed European-Indian Ancestry Community PDF 2007 Prepared by Joan Holmes Associates Inc. A study of the region from the northern shore of Lake Superior stretching from Thunder Cape on the wast to Bottle Point on the east.
An Economic History of the Robinson Treaties Area Before 1860 PDF 1998 Arthur J. Ray Report by Arthur Ray examines the Native economic history in the Robinson Superior Treaty area prior to 1860. Considers both the roles of 'Indians' and Métis in the emerging economic activity in the region at the time.
Isaac de Razilly, 1587-1635 Founder of LaHave PDF 1982 Joan Dawson Excerpt from a book titled 'Isaac de Razilly, 1587-1635 Founder of LaHave' authored by Joan Dawson. Isaac de Razilly naval captain, colonizer, and governor in Acadia. This excerpt that Razilly was on an expedition in 1632 with Nicolas Denys. Razilly set up a colony at LaHave while Nicolas Denys set up an inshore fishery based at nearby Port Rossignoi.
Letter from James Anderson to Commissioner T.G. Anderson Primary Documentation 1850 J. Anderson Letter from J. Anderson providing information regarding the Aboriginal population living at Lake Nipigon. Dated January 7th 1850.
Letter from A.McDonnell to Mr. Cameron Primary Documentation 1852 Alan MacDonnell Letter from Alan McDonnell to Mr. Cameron on behalf of the Lake Superior First Nations indicating that they did not receive the reserve they expected or desired. Dated April 9, 1852.
Letter from J. Bissett to W. Sprague Primary Documentation 1872 J. Bissett Letter from J. Bissett, officer of the Hudson's Bay Company to W. Sprague, Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs to acknowledge a letter enclosing a cheque for annuities for the Ojibway Indians. Dated June 28, 1872.
Correspondence between Amos Wright and Department of Interior & Indian Affairs Primary Documentation 1879 Multiple Letter from Amos Wright to J.S. Dennis indicating that he refused to pay 'half-breeds' their annuities. Dated July 16, 1879. Also included is a letter from L. Vankoughnet to Amos Wright in response to his refusal to pay 'half-breeds.' Dated August 1, 1879.
Order for Vidal and T. Anderson to Investigate Native Lands Primary Documentation 1849 Executive Council on Land Applications Order for A. Vidal and T. Anderson to investigate claims to determine the expectations of Native people of Lake Huron. Dated August 4, 1849.
Vidal and Anderson's Report to the Governor General in Council Primary Documentation 1849 A. Vidal and Captain Anderson A. Vidal and T. Anderson's report to the Governor General in Council which outlines their travels and meetings with the Chiefs. Dated December 5, 1849.
Letter from J. Swanston to George Simpson Primary Documentation 1850 J. Swanston Letter from J. Swanston, Postmaster at Michipicoten to George Simpson, Governor of Hudson's Bay Company at Lachine. The letter makes reference to 'Half-Breeds'. Dated August 21st 1850.
An Act Respecting Civilization and Enfranchisement of Certain Indians Primary Documentation 1859 Government of Canada This legislation was passed in 1859 and provided a definition of who were to be considered 'Indians.'
Correspondence between E.B. Borron to D. Laird Primary Documentation 1874-75 E.B. Borron Letters from E.B. Borron, M.P. for Sault Ste. Marie wrote to D. Laird Minister of Department of Interior requesting an increase in annuities to four dollars per capita, 1874-75.
R. v. Powley PDF 2003 Court File Decision. Supreme Court of Canada case that defined Métis Aboriginal rights under section 35 (1) of the Constitution Act, 1982.
Father Nicolas Frémiot Letter to Superiors Primary Documentation 1849 N. Frémiot Letter from N. Fremiot, of the Jesuit Fathers, to his superiors regarding meeting at Fort William with Commissioners Anderson and Vidal. Dated October 18, 1849.
Report-Board of Arbitrators Award Primary Documentation 1895 Multiple This is the report that accompanied the Board of Arbitrators award regarding increased annuity payments and which level of government was responsible for said payments. Dated February 14, 1895.
Conference Notes Primary Documentation 1894 Multiple Conference notes from the conference between the federal and provincial governments regarding Robinson Treaty annuity payments. Participants in the conference include: Mr. Ross, L. Vankoughnet, L. Tilley, Mr. Robertson, G.W. Burbidge, Mr. Courtney. Dated October 21, 1894.
Report of the Special Commissioners Primary Documentation 1858 Special Commissioners 1858 report of the Special Commissioners regarding 'Indians.' The report references those of 'mixed descent.'
E.B. Borron's 1892 Report Primary Documentation 1892 E.B. Borron E.B Borron's Report outlining what he believed to be the federal government's arguments regarding the rights of some individuals under the Robinson Treaties. Dated December 31, 1892.
Indian Act PDF 1876
Bill C-31, Bill to Amend the Indian Act PDF 1985 Bill C-31 passed into law in April 1985 to bring the Indian Act into line with gender equality under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Report of the Executive Council Primary Documentation 1850 Executive Council Report of the Executive Council, dated April 16, 1850, describes that Robinson was to be informed of a number of items regarding the terms of the upcoming treaties.
Census of Population at Lake Nipigon Primary Documentation 1850 Unknown Pre-Robinson-Superior Treaty census of the Aboriginal population in the Lake Nipigon area.
Letter from R. Bruce to W.B. Robinson Providing Authorization for a Treaty Primary Documentation 1850 R. Bruce Letter from R. Bruce to W.B. Robinson which informs Robinson that he is authorized the 'treat' with the Native peoples in the Lakes Superior and Huron region for the surrender of their land. Dated August 12th, 1850.
Letter from W.B. Robinson to George Simpson Primary Documentation 1850 W.B. Robinson Letter from W.B. Robinson to George Simpson thanking him for the help of his employees during the treaty negotiations. In the letter Robinson also asks if the Hudson's Bay Company would pay the Native people their annuities in the future. Dated September 23rd 1850.
Letter from George Simpson to W.B. Robinson Primary Documentation 1850 George Simpson Letter from George Simpson, on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company, to W.B. Robinson offering to pay the Robinson Treaty annuities to the First Nations of Lake Superior. Dated October 15th 1850.
Petition for a Reserve Primary Documentation 1880 Multiple The Chief, Second Chief, HB (half-breed) Chief and people of Pic River petition the Governor General in Council for a reserve. Dated June 23, 1880.
Correspondence between J.P. Donnelly and the Government of Canada Primary Documentation 1889 Multiple Correspondence between J.P. Donnelly, the Indian Agent at Port Arthur, and the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs & the Deputy Minister of the Interior regarding the payment of 'Half-Breeds' in the Fort William Band.
Letters from E.B. Borron to Oliver Mowat Primary Documentation 1891 E.B. Borron Letters from E.B. Borron, Stipendiary Magistrate, to Oliver Mowat, Attorney General for the province of Ontario, regarding entitlement to annuity payments under the Robinson Treaties.
E.B. Borron's Letter to Oliver Mowat Confirming Report of 1891 Primary Documentation 1892 E.B. Borron Letter from E.B. Borron to Oliver Mowat stating that the views he expressed in his Report had been confirmed. Dated October 11, 1892.


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